The INCOTERMS are international commercial terms accepted by all countries and serve to limit the responsibilities of both parties in a foreign trade operation, both the buyer and the seller.
The Bill of Lading or BL, is a receipt given to the shipper for the goods delivered. Demonstrates the existence of a transportation contract and grants rights over the goods. The BL, are issued in sets of originals, usually two or three, and any of them can be used to obtain possession of the goods. Therefore who owns the BL (Bill of Lading) accredits the possession of the merchandise.
The Air Waybill (AWB) or Air Waybill is the document that collects the international air transport contract and serves as a proof of delivery of the goods on board the aircraft. The airline delivers the merchandise to the recipient that the AWB designates, even if it is not the legitimate owner of the merchandise.
The AWB does not represent the ownership of the merchandise, unlike the B / L (maritime bill of lading). Therefore, the Air Waybill is not transferable, endorsable or negotiable.
It is the transport of merchandise by two or more different modes of transport (air, sea, river, land), under a multimodal, plurimodal or combined transport contract, from a place located in a country in which the transport operator multimodal takes the goods, under its responsibility and custody, to deliver it later in another place located in a different country.
The most appropriate mode of transport is given according to the facts such as:
Depending on the quantity of merchandise you want to export, it will be done through a container or through a consolidation. Normally, when you have more than 15m³, it is more important to export an entire container.
When the volume to be exported is less than 15m³, it will be more economical to export via consolidated.
It consists of customs processing for the import / export of goods before the Customs Tax Agency.
The process of the DAM, (Customs Declaration of Goods) so that the Customs of origin / entrance of its approval and the consequent liquidation of taxes to the import / export of the merchandise object of the same one.
Green Channel: The import / export customs office of origin / destination, gives its approval to the importation / Export of the merchandise.
Orange Channel: The customs import / export origin / destination requires the merchandise papers to check their correspondence with the merchandise.
Red Channel: It occurs in the case that the customs requires to see the merchandise and inspect it.
It is a certificate issued by the Chamber of Commerce or authorized body of the exporting country. This document must be requested by the importer before boarding, in order to justify the origin of the shipment.
Units in which the Harmonized System Nomenclature is divided. It consists of the detailed description of a product in order to make easier the identification and customs processing. Once classified the merchandise with its respective tariff heading we can determine the tax and / or tariffs that are applicable to it.